A. G. KRASSANAKIS

 

THE VALUE AND WORLD-WIDE

CONTRIBUTION OF THE  GREEK LANGUAGE

AND GREEK SYSTEM OF WRITING

 

 

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Translation in English

by ART PERDIKIS

 

 

 

The reasons for which the Greek Language and the Greek system of writing should once again become international and the official protocol of the European Union.

 

 

 

ATHENS 2009

SBN 960 – 85089 – 2 - 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 PART I

VALUE AND WORLD-WIDE

CONTRIBUTION OF THE

GREEK LANGUAGE

AND SYSTEM OF  WRITING

 

 

 

1. The reasons for which the Greek Language and the Greek system of writing should once again become international and the official protocol of the European Union.

 

The Greek Language and the Greek system of writing, as evidenced by scientific sources, a watershed event not only in the history of Western civilization with the Greek’s invention of the alphabet and their system of writing, but also constitute the means of precise expression by the creative human mind and spirit during mankind’s initial great moments in the development of civilization and simultaneously comprise the foundation, base and support for all other European languages.

Specifically, the Greek Language is of fundamental importance to the languages and cultures of the world, not only because it captured and recorded the most cultivated and philosophical thought of the ancient world, but also because it is the base and support not only of the modern Greek Language, but also of a whole list of others, such as Latin and the so called Latin-based languages (Italian, English, French, etc.). There is no language today that does not contain Greek words or derivatives of Greek words, and that is why it is considered the “mother of all languages”. While the people of the world in translating the ancient Greek writings (arts & science, literary, philosophy, epics, poetry, etc.), they imported into their own languages apart from the Greek intellectuality and thought many Greek words as well. Innumerable is the Greek vocabulary that is found in the international arena of languages and dialects. For example, it is estimated that the international English language (i.e., English used globally) contains today in excess of 50,000 words of Greek origin, for example:

Greek: Ευρώπη, αλφάβητο, γραμματική, συλλαβή, δίφθογγοι, Άγγελος, Βίβλος, βιβλιογραφία, διάλογος, Εθνικός, Φαντασία, Γεωγραφία, Ιστορία, είδωλο, Χιλιόμετρο, φιλοσοφία…

English: Europe, alphabet, grammatical, grammar, syllable, diphthongs, angel, Bible, bibliography, dialogue, ethnic, fantasy, geography, history, idol, kilometer, philosophy…

Also, the Greek alphabet is of fundamental importance to the world-wide art of writing and culture, not only because it captured and precisely recorded the most cultivated and philosophical thought of the ancient world, which today guides us, as linguist Charles Higounet very rightly observes and remarks, but also and not only because it is the base of the modern Greek art of writing, but also because of a whole list of other writings, such as writings with Latin characters (English, Italian, French, German, etc.), the Slavic writings (Bulgarian, Russian, etc.), as we will see below, consequently the largest percentage of current writings.

 The Greek Language and the Greek scriptures are responsible for the birth and development of science and the arts. The Greeks were the first to discover and implement the simple but perfect system of writing, as we will see below, consequently having the capability to not only easily record their experiences, but also by studying them at a later time, they progressed and became first in the letters, arts and sciences: Homer, Hesiod, Herodotus, Thucydides, Heracletus, Democritus, Plato, Aristotle, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, and….and…and…

The first texts of Mathematics, Physics, Astronomy, Law, Medicine, History, Linguistics, etc., were written in the Greek Language and alphabet. The first theatrical works (plays), as well as the Byzantine literary works have been written in the Greek Language.

The Greek Language and Greek writing system were spread internationally first during the period of Alexander The Great and the Hellenistic period that followed. They were also used extensively during the Roman and Byzantine empires, while many Roman men, the aristocracy and well to do citizenry came to Athens to study and learn Greek and the Greek culture.

The Greek Language and the Greek alphabet are those that the most known ancient religions were written and then spread throughout the world. That is to say, that of the Olympian gods and Christianity (New Testament). Most Apostles: Paul, John, Lukas, etc….Just as, many Hebrews had gotten a Greek education, knew the Greek Language and alphabet and for that reason they wrote the Gospels directly in Greek for the purpose of making them known throughout the world.

Also, the New Testament became known throughout the world after its translation from Hebrew into Greek.

The Greek Language and Greek scriptures are those that helped in the decipherment of many of the ancient wri